finest harbour in the world, in which a thousand sail of the line may
ride in the most perfect security?.", is how Captain Arthur Phillip
described Sydney Harbour in 1788, when he established a new colony.
Sydney Harbour is the heart of a magnificent city, brimming with picnic
areas, bays, harbour pools and beaches to relax in. It's where ferries,
yachts, cruise vessels, jet boats, catamarans and kayaks all jostle for
a piece of the world's best harbour. You can laze on a chartered yacht
moored in a bay or unwind on a scenic cruise, plenty of which are on
offer from Circular Quay or Darling Harbour. Sydney Harbour is also
famous for it's first class restaurants, fresh seafood and fantastic
area around Sydney Harbour has been the home of Daruk tribe for at leat
50,000 years and today there is approximately 70 Aboriginal sites found
within the Harbour area. In 1788, the 11 ships of the first fleet, let
by Captain Arthur Phillip, sailed into Sydney Harbour and landed at
Sydney Cove to declare a new colony for convicts, marines and families
of the first fleet. Since 1788, the Harbour has played an important role
in development of the Australian economy through the activities of its
industry, defence and trade.
the late 19th and early 20th century, Sydney Harbour was not the most
attractive place to live or enjoy. The Harbour was home to coal mines,
power stations, steam mills, shipyards, factories and shipping
activities. However, by the 1960's, inner and harbour urban developments
started to emerge, forcing these activities further out of the city. In
1974, the Harbour was declared a National Park - Sydney Harbour National
you can trace the history of the harbour though the many historic
locations located through the Sydney. They include:
Island or Pinchgut, which was a place of banishment for convicts who
committed crimes. The first convict was sent there in February 1788
for stealing biscuits. It was later turned into Fort Denision to
defend Sydney against Russian warships.
Pyrmont Bridge, which was first built 1858, when the Darling Harbour
area started to become an industrial area with steam mills, corn
exchange, sawmills, railway yards and cattleyards.
colonial days, Goat Island was the headquarters for the Water
Police. It was used to keep an eye out for smugglers and escaped
which included a coalmine during the early 1900's. The mine was
closed in 1931 and the mineshaft was sealed with concrete in 1957.
Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened on the 19th March 1932.
Sydney Opera House was opened in October 1973 at Bennelong Point.
Island, which is centrally located within the Harbour has been a
prison, ship building, a quarry, and machine shop for the Navy.
Island is the largest island in the Harbour, and has been used as
shipyard, quarantine station, gunpowder depot and a filming location
for TV shows.
Sydney Harbour Bridge was designed to carry up to 6000 cars an hour
- but during peak times it now carries 15000. Sydney Harbour covers
57 square kms (22 square miles) with 240km (150miles) of shoreline.
Sydney Opera House was opened in October 1973, at a cost of $102
million dollars. The original estimate was $7 million dollars.
immigrants, who started arriving in the colony from 1788 onwards,
often brought communicable diseases such as smallpox with them. In
1828 Spring Cove, on the western side of North Head, was used to
quarantine new arrivals. A permanent quarantine facility was set up
in the 1830s, and it continued to operate as a quarantine facility
Clark and Shark islands were set aside as recreation reserves as
early as 1879.